Budget Analysis of Administrative Institutions and Sector Policies in the Social, Health, and Education Areas[EN]
Analiza Bugetară a Instituţiilor Administrative şi a Politicilor Sectoriale în Domeniile Social, Sănătate, Educaţie[RO]
Бюджетный анализ административных учреждений и отраслевых политик в социальной сфере, здравоохранении и образовании[RU]
Budget Analysis of Administrative Institutions and Sector Policies in the Social, Health, and Education Areas
The report aims to make a budget analysis of social policies. It has been prepared with the support of UNICEF and is addressed to the ministries in the analyzed sectors. The result of the analysis will inform the reader on public spending efficiency in administrative public institutions within the social sphere and will facilitate accurate understanding of the social budget policy priorities in relation to the main beneficiary groups.
The social sector includes social, health, and education areas. Budget analysis involves two aspects: 1) analysis of administrative budgets of the central public institutions of the sector, and 2) analysis of budgetary policies in relation to major funding mechanisms and the main beneficiary groups of social policies.
The report is divided into several chapters. The first chapter analyzes the full structure of budgets in each area. The second chapter analyzes the administrative budgets of central executive institutions in the areas concerned. The third chapter analyzes the main budgetary mechanisms and priorities for budget expenditures in the areas concerned. The report contains cross-sector comparisons.
The findings of the report are grouped into 3 categories: findings regarding the effectiveness of the use of administrative budgets; findings regarding the identification of priorities for the allocation of budget funds; and findings regarding the effectiveness of the use of budget funds. The report recommends increasing the efficiency of budget expenditures for administrative needs by improving the performance of subordinate agencies responsible for administering policies. The obsolete technologies currently used to administer social policies reveal a high cost and an artificially maintained large number of public employees in subordinate institutions. Another recommendation that emerges from the analysis of administrative budgets is the mandatory use of public procurement procedures for services and goods; this category constitutes about 30% of all amounts used. The report contains accurate findings regarding budget priorities for different beneficiary groups. It identified the amounts paid in cash and services.
The report contains a detailed chapter with conclusions and recommendations for each area analyzed. The quality of education, social, and health services remains one of the main challenges of the sector.